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Synonyms and Antonyms

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No Synonym
No Synonym

The word “Synonym” has no synonym.

One egg left. The Bus left.
One egg left. The Bus left.

Did you know that the word “Left” is it’s own antonym. Left means remaining but it also means departed. If you left, then you can’t be left.

Synonym is an Antonym
Synonym is an Antonym

The words "Synonym" and "Antonym" are antonyms of each other.

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lesson plan lesson plan

Overview

English Language Arts

Travel through creative movement to Synonym Station and Antonym Airport! Students will gallop or run, jump or leap, walk or stroll through an Activity works adventure that demonstrates the concept of synonyms and antonyms in a most lively format.

Lesson

Synonyms and Antonyms.

National Standards Addressed:

#5 English Language Arts

 

Goals

Performance

Students will define synonyms and antonyms.

Cognitive

Students will generate examples of synonyms and antonyms.

Affective

Students will appreciate using diverse vocabulary to express their ideas.

Pre-Teach Vocabulary

  • Synonym – A word that means exactly or nearly the same as another word in the same language.  Begin and start are synonyms.
  • Antonym – A word that is opposite in its’ meaning to another is an antonym. Fast is an antonym of slow.
  • Vocabulary – A group or collection of words that someone uses.

Activate Prior Knowledge

Point out some items in the classroom (those for which you can think of some synonyms) and ask the class to generate words that have the same meaning. For example, a computer screen is also referred to as a monitor or a drawing could also be considered a picture. Explain to students that two words that have the same meaning are synonyms.  If need be, expand your examples to include the students in the class themselves, and brainstorm some synonyms to describe different students in the class.  Once students have grasped this concept, discuss antonyms.  Ask students to identify the opposite of various terms.  Include ideas such as tall/short, big/small, fast/slow, among others.  Showing a visual will enhance comprehension (for example, show students the difference between a small animal and a big animal and explain that small/big are antonyms).

Assess and Think Critically

Present students with a short paragraph (either on the board, smart board, or large lined paper) and have students help you rewrite the paragraph.  Students should generate a synonym for all of the words in the paragraph that are underlined.  Talk about how using different vocabulary words can make writing more interesting to read.  Repeat this process with antonyms and talk about how the meaning of the paragraph drastically changed.

Overview

Physical Education

Travel through creative movement to Synonym Station and Antonym Airport! Students will gallop or run, jump or leap, walk or stroll through an Activity works adventure that demonstrates the concept of synonyms and antonyms in a most lively format.

Lesson

“5,6,7,8! Let’s Dance!”

National Standard(s) Addressed:

#3 Physical Activity:

Exhibits a physically active lifestyle.

 

#2 Cultural Arts-performing

 

Goals

Performance

Students will perform a short dance.

Cognitive

Students will understand that dance steps are put together in increments of eight.

Affective

Students will enjoy dancing and value the activity it promotes.

Pre-Teach Vocabulary

  • Rhythm – The steady beat of the music to which we dance.
  • Increments – “Increments” can mean many different things, but in today’s lesson it refers to the grouping of counts or beats. Dances are “counted” in “increments ” or groups of eights. Today students will each create a mini-phrase of dance, which is eight beats.
  • Down Beat – The “Down Beat” is the first beat of a measure of music to which a conductor moves his arms down. Dancers will start their steps on the down beat and count “5,6,7,8” to anticipate the beginning of their movement.
  • Choreography – The art of creating or arranging dances. Putting steps together to form a dance is choreography.

Activate Prior Knowledge

Ask students to demonstrate some of the dance moves that they performed during the Activity Works Adventure. Explain to students that they can put some of those moves together to create their own dance or “choreography.” Seek out any students that may study dance in the class and ask them to share their knowledge of how dancers and choreographers count dance steps in increments of eight. If possible, demonstrate an example of this while counting aloud. Talk about how dancing is fun and is a great way to stay physically fit. Encourage students to share their opinions about dancing

Assess and Think Critically

Divide students into groups of three. Have students create their own eight-count dance combination using their own creativity, along with some of the moves in the Activity Works Adventure. Monitor the groups and be sure to assist them if necessary. Play some music and have the groups present and teach their choreography to the class. Following the activity, ask the students to reflect upon it and share their reactions with you. Dancing is a great way to express yourself, maintain fitness, and have fun!